NCR-MK-A-45

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Inventory ID: 

NCR-MK-A-45

Name/General Info: 

Garcia House

Location: 

2591 Bagong Diwa St., Makati City

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Architect/Mason/Carpenter: 

Unknown

Year of Construction / Source: 

1920s / key informant (oral tradition)

Original Owner, Profession: 

Nicanor Garcia (9th mayor of Makati) & wife Pilar Garcia

Historical/Social Significance: 

Residence of Makati’s 9th municipal president & 1st elected mayor (1922 – 1934)

Scientific/Technological: 

Standard

Aesthetic Value: 

High

As part of urban fabric: 

Sharply contrasting

Building Type - Detachment: 

Semi-detached (originally freestanding)

Building Type - Function: 

Villa

Original use/floor: 

GF: Residential

2nd floor: Residential

Structure: 

Post and Beam, reinforced concrete / Post and Lintel, wood

Style: 

Pahalang & Bulaklakin

Posts/Columns: 

GF: Wood with reinforced concrete, square

2nd floor: Wood, square

Walls: 

GF: Concrete hollow blocks, reinforced concrete

2nd floor: Horizontal; wooden boards

Floors: 

GF: Concrete; staircase is concrete with granolitic finish

2nd floor: Wooden planks

Roof: 

GF: G. I. at front extension

2nd floor: G. I. main roof

Windows & Doors: 

GF: Jalousie, single wooden swing-out door

2nd floor: Glass in wooden frame sliding windows, persiana, imposing wooden panel sliding doors with glass panes, colored glass espejo

Decorative Elements: 

GF: Main staircase concrete balusters & wall applied w/ broom finish stucco & pseudo-medallion relief

2nd floor: Colonette, hat-shaped espejo w/ colored & patterned glass and ornamental wooden keystone, foliage-patterned calado below transom wall at verandah & windows, exterior verandah door transom has colored & patterned glass w/ central circular wooden ornament  surrounded w/ dentils inscribed w/ initials “NP” which stands for Nicanor & Pilar, rehas na buntis at verandah, metal window canopy brackets at left wing, carved wooden pasamano,  twin side stairs leading to a 1 wide flight to the 2nd floor w/ inlaid “NP” initials at its landing, wooden balustrade at verandah

Others: 

GF: Imposing concrete gate posts with dentil coping & broom finish stucco

Footprint/Plan: 

T-shaped w/ minor protrusion at rear right side

Unusual Construction Features: 

Massive reinforced concrete base of wooden posts with sunk & chamfered panel at GF

Unusual Exterior Design Features: 

Hat-shaped espejo w/ colored & patterned glass and ornamental wooden keystone, foliage-patterned calado below transom wall at verandah & windows, exterior verandah door transom has colored & patterned glass w/ central circular wooden ornament  surrounded w/ dentils inscribed w/ initials “NP” which stands for Nicanor & Pilar, sliding main door at verandah, twin side stairs leading to a 1 wide flight to the 2nd floor w/ inlaid “NP” initials at its landing

Additions: 

GF: screen doors

2nd floor: Persiana & rehas na buntis at verandah, flat G. I. boarded up the verandah balustrade, wings at rear & front right, metal window grilles, corrugated G. I. boarded up the wall, main door canopy, interior imposing door boarded up w/ plywood

Demolitions: 

GF: Azotea & its staircase located at rear right side

2nd floor: Right side verandah wall & its staircase partly demolished, ventanilla grilles

Replacements: 

2nd floor: Concrete hollow blocks replaced the original low wall at verandah, roof eaves replaced w/ plain plywood, original window canopy replaced w/ clay tiles & flat G. I.

Relocation: 

2nd floor: Calado pieces relocated to new division walls

State of Originality: 

High

Entry into Heritage Lists: 

Yes, it has a Makati Poblacion Heritage Conservation marker 

Interviewer: 

Paco Camacho and Michelle Ting

Other Notes: 

9th Municipal President (1922-1934)

1st elected mayor since his past predecessors were appointed by the governor general

Pioneered municipal improvements such as: piped water, electricity, paved roads, land transportation, town hall called Presidencia, Hospital Español de Santiago

In 1930, he favored the Philippine Racing Club to open the Sta. Ana hippodrome. It was opened to the public in 1935.

Record Privacy: 
Public Record